unit 4 assessment

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  1. Explain how psychologists can assess the effectiveness of various forms of reinforcement, and describe which form of reinforcement would persist the longest, and why.Your response must be at least 75 words in length.

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25 points

QUESTION 2

  1. Explain your definition of learning, and describe one learning experience you have had using association, consequence, or observation.Your response must be at least 75 words in length.

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25 points

QUESTION 3

  1. Describe the methods you use for studying for tests. Which methods seem to work effectively for you? How might interleaving, as described in the video, improve your memory?Your response must be at least 75 words in length.

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25 points

QUESTION 4

  1. Please describe the three basic systems of memory and the roles they play. Be sure to provide specific examples of how we use each of these systems in our daily lives.Your response must be at least 75 words in length.

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    Running head: UNIT 4 ASSESSMENT

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    Unit 4 Assessment
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    Institution

    UNIT 4 ASSESSMENT

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    Unit 4 Assessment
    Question1

    Skinner’s theory of reinforcement provides the best knowledge on how psychologists can
    assess the effectiveness of reinforcement. According to this theory, psychologists can assess the
    effectiveness of reinforcement based on how behavior is repeated or stopped (Lauby &
    American Society for Training and Development, 2005). There are various types of
    reinforcement. However, positive reinforcement is likely to persist the longest ad yield long term
    impacts. This is because positive reinforcement allows the parties involved to focus on the
    positive aspects of a situation and enhances empowerment.
    Question2
    I understand learning as the process of acquiring new skills and ideas through
    experience. Socialization or being taught (Bransford & National Research Council, 2004). There
    are several skills that I have learned just because of associating with other people. For instance. I
    believe I learned to play the guitar because associating with friends who used to play music in a
    band. When we relocated to a new neighborhood, I became friends with two brothers who were
    playing in a rock band. I was able to learn how to play the guitar from them.
    Question3
    There are different ways that I study for examination; for instance, I use the selfexplanation method, which involves explaining to myself and others what I have learned. I also
    use practice testing method in which I repeatedly take a relevant test to confirm the level of my
    knowledge. Finally, I have been using distributed practice method which involves study over a
    long period (Winerman, 2019). Of all these methods I have realized that self-explanation is the
    best method because as I explain what I have learned to others, they stick on my mind

    UNIT 4 ASSESSMENT

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    Question 4

    There are three basic systems of memory, including encoding storage and retrieval
    (Byrne, 2009). Encoding is the process through which we upload information into our memory
    which is through the senses. For example, we see and experience a situation such as accidents.
    Once the information has been encoded, we have to retain it. Our brains take the information and
    permanently record it. After the information has been stored, we can get it back from memory
    through conscious awareness. This would be similar to finding a paper that had been previously
    saved (Byrne, 2009).

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    References

    Bransford, J. D., & National Research Council. (2004). how people learn: Brain, mind,
    experience, and school. Washington, DC: National Acad. Press.
    Byrne, J. H. (2009). Concise Learning and memory: T…


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