There are 2 assignments (each need 200 words or so) 1st assignment The strengths, virtues, vitality, and resilience of individuals and organizations Ident

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There are 2 assignments (each need 200 words or so)

1st assignment

The strengths, virtues, vitality, and resilience of individuals and organizations

  • Identify your top five strengths. Describe how each of these strengths might benefit an organization.
  • Could there be a downside or unintended consequences for managers who focus primarily on the findings of positive organizational behavior research? Explain your answer.
  • List three concrete ways a high-involvement manager could empower employees.

2nd assignment

Take a stand – Answer one of the questions below.  Take a position for nature vs nurture or the middle ground. Be sure to back up your answers with the readings or outside research;

(you only have to answer one question)

  1. .If you believe that individual differences were primarily determined by nature (i.e. inherited and hard-wired) what common-sense arguments could you use to support your belief?
  2. If you believe that individual differences were primarily determined by nurture (i.e. shaped by one’s upbringing and environment) what common-sense arguments could you use to support your belief?
  3. Argue for a middle ground to the nature vs. nurture debate. How would you support the belief that BOTH genetic and environmental influence personality and differences?

Nature and nurture explanations of personality development.

Personality is defined as a stable and unique pattern of traits, char­acteristics, and resulting behaviors that gives an individual his or her identity. The origins of our personality traits have yet to be fully deter­mined, and the nature versus nurture debate still abounds. The nature side of the debate argues that personality is inherited while the nur­ture side argues that personality is influenced by the environment.

TED talk on  – Human nature and the blank slateLinks to an external site.

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Types and the Four Temperaments.

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a psychometric questionnaire used to evaluate four psychological preferences and developed into 16 personality types. The four psychological preferences are as follows:

Extraversion (E) versus Introversion (I): How the flow of energy is directed

Sensing (S) versus Intuitive (N): How information is under­stood and interpreted

Thinking (T) versus Feeling (F): How decisions are made

Judging (J) versus Perceiving (P): How we cope with our sur­roundings

MBTI in Pop Culture (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. – charts pop culture icons on MBTI charts.

Five personality factors of the Big Five Model.

The Big Five Model describes five basic dimensions of personality to include neuroticism and is frequently used to evaluate and assess people in the workplace. The five traits are as follows:

Openness to experience: The dimension of being curious, creative, and receptive to new ideas

Conscientiousness: The dimension of being thoughtful, orga­nized, responsible, and achievement oriented

Neuroticism: The dimension of being tense, moody, irritable, and temperamental

Extraversion: The dimension of being outgoing, sociable, assertive, and talkative

Agreeableness: The dimension of being trusting, good-natured, tolerant, forgiving, and cooperative

The Big Five personality test scores these personality dimen­sions from low to high; a combination of these traits gives us an idea of what type of personality the individual possesses.

Why do people respond differently to the same situations? In contemporary psychology, the Big Five factors of personality are five broad domains which define human personality and account for individual differences. This article tells you more about the Big Five personality theory.

Traits of the Big Five personality test – Human resources professionals often use the Big Five personality dimensions to help place employees. That is because these dimensions are considered to be the underlying traits that make up an individual’s overall personality.

The Big Five traits are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism or OCEAN:

  • Openness – People who like to learn new things and enjoy new experiences usually score high in openness. Openness includes traits like being insightful and imaginative and having a wide variety of interests.
  • Conscientiousness – People that have a high degree of conscientiousness are reliable and prompt. Traits include being organized, methodic, and thorough.
  • Extraversion – Extroverts get their energy from interacting with others, while introverts get their energy from within themselves. Extraversion includes the traits of energetic, talkative, and assertive.
  • Agreeableness – These individuals are friendly, cooperative, and compassionate. People with low agreeableness may be more distant. Traits include being kind, affectionate, and sympathetic.
  • Neuroticism – Neuroticism is also sometimes called Emotional Stability. This dimension relates to one’s emotional stability and degree of negative emotions. People that score high on neuroticism often experience emotional instability and negative emotions. Traits include being moody and tense.

* Now take the  Big Five personality test  Links to an external site.

Differentiate among the most common personality attributes.

Personal conception is the degree to which individuals relate to and think about their social and physical environment and their personal beliefs regarding a range of issues. A person’s concep­tion of himself or herself is dependent on the following personality dimensions:

Locus of control: The extent to which people feel they have influence over events

Machiavellianism: A philosophy that describes people who manipulate others and use unethical practices for personal gain

Self-monitoring: Adjusting our behavior to accommodate dif­ferent situations

Proactive personality: The tendency for individuals to take the initiative to change their circumstances

Type A/Type B orientation: The way people are characterized as possessing certain personality attributes

Risk-taking propensity: The tendency to engage in behaviors that may have positive or negative outcomes

Read: Machiavellianism and Career Success (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. –

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